Tomorrow, as Americans cast their vote they hold not only the fate of Obama, Romney and the US in their hands, they are also influencing their own health. Research shows that stepping into that polling booth can have both subtle and profound effects on our health and behavior.
But don’t let that keep you away from the polls. There are positives as well. Performing a civic duty such as voting promotes community involvement, which in turn has been shown to promote psychological and physical health.
Voting can also have positive and negative effects on sexual health. Coming up short in a hard-fought election would be disappointing to any candidate. A study from Duke University and the University of Michigan, showed that it’s not only the candidate that suffers a defeat. Male supporters of the losing party may also experience a significant drop in testosterone levels immediately after the announcement of the vote outcome. Interestingly, female supporters did not experience a similar change in hormonal levels, nor did those who backed the victor.
And if casting your vote involves a car journey, be sure to wear your seat belt. According to researchers from Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and Stanford University, fatal car crashes are 18% more likely on Election Day than any other. The average presidential election leads to around 24 traffic deaths. Reasons for this trend, include emotions, driving unfamiliar routes, and the potential mobilization of unfit drivers.
And even if you make it safely to the polls and back your health troubles aren’t over. A 2010, study published in the Social Science Quarterly examined suicide rates following state elections. Researchers found that when a majority of a state’s electorate picked a winner, the state’s suicide rate decreased. At the same time, when a majority picks a loser, the state’s suicide rate also decreases.
So, however you decide to vote tomorrow – take care!
Steroids are used to treat a variety of conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erththematosus (lupus), myositis (inflammation of the muscles) and vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels). They work by decreasing inflammation and reducing the activity of the immune system, thereby minimizing tissue damage and organ failure. At times they can be life-saving.
However, they are always prescribed with caution due to the long list of well-documented physical side-effects such as:
increased appetite and weight gain
fat deposits in chest, face, upper back, and stomach
water and salt retention leading to swelling and edema
In addition, steroids are known to cause psychological problems such as sudden mood swings, nervousness, restlessness, and depression.
Now a new study reveals another worrisome side-effect. According to a group of French researchers, patients prescribed oral steroids are nearly seven times more likely to commit or attempt suicide.
In the largest study of its kind, researchers followed 372,696 adult patients treated with oral steroids between 1980 and 2008 and compared them to patients with similar conditions who were not prescribed steroids.
The results of the study were published last month in the American Journal of Psychiatry. They showed that patients taking oral steroids were seven times more likely to commit or attempt suicide compared with those with the same underlying medical disease not treated with oral steroids.
The steroid treated group was also twice as likely to suffer from depression and more than four times as likely to suffer mania.
The authors of the study concluded primary care physicians should educate patients and monitor oral steroids closely. Lead author Dr Laurence Fardet, a consultant in internal medicine at Saint-Antoine Hospital, Paris, called for caution in prescribing oral steroids: “Where it is essential to prescribe a glucocorticoid, patients and their families should be informed about the possibility of these severe adverse events.”
Have you or your loved ones suffered physical or psychological side-effects from oral steroids? Share your stories with us.