Scientists Mite have found a cause for Pimples

DemodexskinHaving a bad skin day?  With apologies in advance – it’s probably just about to get a whole lot worse!

Especially for the estimated 5-20% of people, predominantly women, between the ages of 30 and 60 who sometimes develop rosacea –  a condition characterized by red inflamed skin, with swelling, roughness and fine, visible blood vessels, usually in the central zone of the face. , In severe cases it can resemble acne, irritate the eyes and lead to the bulbous red nose seen in caricatures of the elderly.

The disease affects all races but is sometimes referred to as the “curse of the Celts” as it frequently affects people with very fair skin. Rosacea is commonly and perhaps erroneously, blamed on another alleged Celtic curse – excessive drinking. But while alcohol can trigger a flare-up, so can many other kinds of stress. In fact, according to the US National Rosacea Society, tee-totallers are just as susceptible as drinkers.

Now, Kevin Kavanagh of the National University of Ireland, thinks he has discovered the cause – and it isn’t for the faint-hearted.

eye-lash-mite-largeAccording to Dr Kavanagh, rosacea is due to the presence of tiny mites – eight-legged arachnids related to spiders – living in the pores of facial skin. They are particularly fond of the hair follicles of eyebrows and eyelashes, and the oily pores most common on the nose, forehead and cheeks.

Called Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevisare, the mites eat sebum, or facial oil, and colonize your face at puberty. Healthy adults have around one or two mites per square centimeter of facial skin. People with rosacea, however, can have 10 times as many.

The mites crawl about your face in the dark to mate, then crawl back into pores to lay their eggs and die. Because Demodex do not have an anus they cannot get rid of their feces. “Their abdomen just gets bigger and bigger, and when they die and decompose they release their feces all at once in the pore,” says Kavanagh. When the mites are numerous, he believes that the material is enough to trigger an immune reaction, inflammation and tissue damage.

dermodex miteGrossed out???  Try not to be, because research suggests that the stress that causes flare-ups of rosacea changes the chemicals in sebum, making it better food for mites.

Kavanagh is now trying to get funding to develop antibodies to the bacterial proteins, to track their location and link them more firmly to the disease. Ultimately, treatments aimed at the trigger proteins may prevent rosacea.

As a fair, European that fits the rosacea age-range I, for one, am hoping he succeeds. In the meantime, I’m debating whether to ditch my make-up magnifying mirrors or switch to one with a much, much higher resolution!

PS If you made it to the end of this post without scratching  your face or checking yourself out in a mirror – congratulations!

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What’s Your Skin Saying?

Aside from being the largest organ in our body, our skin protects us against invasive bacteria, regulates our body temperature, and picks up information from the stimulation of touch, pressure, pain, heat, and cold. Little wonder, then, that when there’s something wrong with your health that your skin is often the first to know.

Here’s the skinny on several dermatologic oddities worth watching out for:

Orange palms and soles

What it means: The cartoonish skin hues can be the unfunny result of an underactive thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism causes increased levels of beta-carotene in the blood. When there’s a thyroid problem, the gland doesn’t metabolize the vitamins as quickly, so beta-carotene accumulates. Orange skin can also occur due beta-carotene as a result of a diet heavy in carrots, carrot juice, sweet potatoes, and squash.

More clues: The skin of someone with hypothyroidism also tends to be dry and cold, and sometimes more pale than yellowed. Feeling tired, sluggish, weak, or achy are the main symptoms, along with possible unexplained weight gain. Women over 50 most often develop hypothyroidism.

What to do: Carotenemia caused by a skewed diet isn’t serious and resolves itself when a broader range of foods is consumed. Hypothyroidism, however, is a medical condition that can lead to complications such as heart problems, and warrants attention from a doctor.

Breaking out in hives in the sun

What it means: Being truly allergic to the sun is pretty rare. A more likely explanation is having taken a photosensitizing drug that increases the person’s sensitivity to light. One of the most common culprits is thiazide diuretics prescribed for hypertension. Other meds that can produce this effect include antihistamines, tetracycline, and tricyclic antidepressants.

More clues: The rash is limited to sun-exposed areas, including the forearms, the neck, and, less commonly, the face. It can feel worse and last longer than a sunburn.

What to do: Check the labels of your prescription medications. Look for phrases such as “May cause chemical photosensitivity.”

Long dark lines in the palm

What it means: A palm-reading mystic might have her own interpretation, but to a physician, a deepening of the pigment in the creases of the palms or soles is a symptom of adrenal insufficiency – Addison’s disease.

More clues: Hyperpigmentation may also be visible around other skin folds, scars, lips, and pressure points

What to do: It’s important to see a doctor, as skin changes may be the first symptoms seen before an acute attack. Lab tests to measure cortisol will provide a diagnosis.

Large, dusky blue leg veins

What it means: If you’ve got ropy, blue-to-purple lines snaking up your legs this could be a sign that some of your veins are not working properly.

More clues: Varicose veins are sometimes mistaken for spider veins, a weblike network of smaller blue or red veins closer to the skin’s surface. Varicose veins tend to be larger, darker, and sometimes raised, with a twisted appearance.

What to do: Exercise, compression stockings, and avoiding constricting postures (like crossing your legs when seated) can help ease discomfort, but they won’t make varicose veins disappear. While not all faulty veins cause problems, severe venous insufficiency can lead to blood clots and need to be treated.

Brownish spots on the shins

What it means: The fronts of the legs tend to bang and bump into things a lot. For someone with diabetes, the damage to the capillaries and small blood vessels that are characteristic of the disease will cause them to leak when traumatized, leading to brown discoloration known as diabetic dermopathy.

More clues: The brownish patches may also be rough, almost scaly and tend to form ovals or circles.

What to do: There’s no health danger from diabetic dermopathy, and no need for treatment.

Persistent rash that you want to scratch raw

What it means: Clusters of small, ferociously itchy blisters that show up repeatedly in the forearms near the elbows, the knees, the buttocks, the back, or the face or scalp are a hallmark of celiac disease, or an allergy to gluten.

More clues: The rash appears on both sides of the body. Itching and burning are so intense you can hardly quit scratching.

What to do: Report the rashes to your doctor or a dermatologist to evaluate and rule out other causes. A gluten-free diet for life is usually advised to keep symptoms at bay.

Purple stains or splotches

What it means: What looks a bit like a bruise, is often mistaken for a bruise, but tends to hang around longer because it’s not exactly a bruise, may be purpura.   It has several possible causes, ranging from a bleeding disorder (thrombocytopenia) to vitamin C deficiency to excessive intake of aspirin, NSAIDs, vitamin E, ginkgo biloba, coumadin, or alcohol.

More clues: A classic bruise tends to turn black and blue following an injury. With purpura, there doesn’t need to be any trauma, the discoloration persists longer than a bruise and the purple color doesn’t blanch when you press it. Purpura are most common on the forearms, legs, and backs of the hands.

What to do: Report the condition to your doctor who can help to identify the cause and recommend the appropriate treatment.

Intense itchiness without rash

What it means: Feeling itchy can have many causes, but when there’s no accompanying visible skin change, it may be  one of the first symptoms of Hodgkin’s disease or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

More clues: The itchiness is more intense than that caused by ordinary dry skin. It occurs most commonly, in the lower legs. Less often, the skin looks reddish and inflamed.

What to do: Report persistent, intense itching to your doctor.